advertise here

Original Articles

Epidemiological study of ocular morbidities in salt pan worker in Mumbai

Year : 2019 | Volume : 7 | Issue : 1 Page : 10-13

Sachin Janrao Chavan1, Pallavi Suresh Shelke2, Jaya Madhukar Tale 3,SatishPrabhankar4

1Medical Officer OHC, Chulhad,Taluka- Tumsar, District- Bhandara,2Associate Professor,3S.M.O, Community Medicine,L.T.M.Medical College & General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai-400022,4Assistant Professor cum Epidemiologist,Department of Community Medicine,V.M.Desai Medical College, Nanded.

Address for correspondence: Address for Correspondence: Dr Pallavi Suresh Shelke, Department. of Community Medicine,LTM Medical College & General Hospital,Sion,Mumbai- 400022Telephone No.(Office): 022-4063123Mobile No.: 8356945770



Introduction: India is third largest producer of salt in the world after USA and China.Salt crystals affect human body through various physical agents like UV light exposure, glare, salinity of water, soaking of feet in saline water. A study of ocular health problems in salt pan workers at Mumbai was conducted.

Aims and Objectives: To study the socio-demographic profile of salt pan workers,to assess the point prevalence of ocular morbidities in salt pan workers, to study the association between duration of salt works and presence of ophthalmic symptoms and to study the association between use of Personal Protective Equipmentslike goggles, shoes and caps and presence of opthalmological symptoms.

Materials and Methods :The present study is aCross sectional study and 385 study sujects were enrolled. Mumbai has about seven salt pans at following sites: Wadala, Mankhurd, Kanjurmarg, Ghatkopar ,Chembur, Dhahisar, and Mulund. Individual who were working with dry salt (non-brine workers) and those working in a brine plant (Brine workers) were chosen for the study after taking informed consent.

Sampling method:Systematic random sampling method, Study tools Interview schedule and Clinical examination,Inclusion criteria: Salt pan workers who worked for more than six months.Statistical Analysis: SPSS version 15.0. The data was analyzed using ‘Chi square test’

Duration of study :: 18 months, from August 2011 to January 2014.

Results and conclusion :: Overall prevalence of ophthalmological symptoms was 57.1 percent. The prevalence of pterygium increased with duration of employment in saltwork.

Keywords:: Ophthalmic symptoms, Salt pan workers, pterygium.


Open Access

Perspectives in Medical Research is committed to keeping research articles Open Access.Journal permits any users to read, download, copy, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles...
Read more