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Case Report

Hemichorea-Hemiballismus syndrome in Ketotic hyperglycemia

Year : 2018 | Volume : 6 | Issue : 1 Page : 66 - 68

Bharathkanth Reddy M1, Ranjith Kumar P 2, P L John Israel3

1Postgraduate student, 2Assistant Professor,3Professor and Head, Department of General Medicine, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagunur, Karimnagar, Telangana, India.

Address for correspondence: Dr. Bharathkanth Reddy M, Postgraduate Student, Department of General Medicine, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences,Karimnagar,Telangana,India.



Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a common disorder in Asian people occasionally presenting with unusual manifestations such as hemichorea-hemiballismus (HC-HB) is a rare manifestation of primary diabetes mellitus. Since chorea-ballismus can be life threatening, recognition of this disorder is important, because HC-HB caused by hyperglycemia is a treatable disorder with a good prognosis. Usually Hemichorea-Hemiballismus is induced by non-ketotic hyperglycemia; here we are reporting two cases of elderly women who presented as HC-HB induced by hyperglycemia with positive urine ketone bodies. We also described Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) findings in these two patients.

Keywords : Hemichorea-Hemiballismus, basal ganglia, CT, MRI, ketone bodies


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